” WORDPRESS THEME APPLICATION “
WordPress themes change the design and layout of your website. Changing your theme gives your changes front-end a new look, the interface that interacts with your website visitor is what WordPress themes affect.
Techrider seeks to introduce and get you up and running with WordPress themes in no time.
2. WHAT CAN WORDPRESS THEMES DO?
3. WHAT DIFFERENTIATES THEMES FROM PLUGINS?
4. THEMES ARE MADE OF?
5. BUILDING YOUR OWN THEME
6. MODIFYING EXISTING THEMES
7. WORDPRESS THEME TYPES
WHAT CAN WORDPRESS THEMES DO?
Themes display data content stored by WordPress in the browser. When a WordPress theme is created a decision is made about how that content looks and is displayed.
WordPress has made many options available to us if we decide on building our own custom theme:
● Our Custom theme can have different layouts, for example static or responsive, achieved using one column or two.
● It can display content anywhere on the page you want the content to be displayed since there is no already fashioned layout.
● A theme can stipulate which devices and actions make what content visible. This is optimization for Better performance.
● Typography and design elements can be customized in themes using CSS.
● design elements and media like images and videos can be placed anywhere in the theme.
WHAT DIFFERENTIATES THEMES FROM PLUGINS?
They bear a significant difference to plugins even though One can commonly find crossover features between them. It is better to look at them as a separation of concerns where:
● The theme should control the presentation or physical structure of the page(interface) features of the web content; whereas
● plugins should control the behavior and performance features of the WordPress site.
When creating custom themes it is not a good practice to add critical functionality as doing so means when that theme is changed users lose that piece of functionality associated with it. For example, say we build a theme with a feature allowing us to add portfolios. Users who build their portfolio with that feature will not readily access it when the theme is changed or worse, they may lose it forever.
By assigning critical features to plugins alone, we make it possible for website design to change, while maintaining all its functionality.
THEMES ARE MADE OF?
Finding themes for your WordPress site is an easy task, a lot of free themes can be found in the theme directory found on “WordPress.org”. This repository as some call it contains thousands of default themes already made to cater to design needs even though most WordPress sites today prefer to use custom themes.
Often made using PHP and at their most basic level contain a collection of files working together to create the interface, these files are:
● index.php which contains the main template and
● style.css containing the main style code.
But sometimes, you may see some additional files in a theme folder, some examples include:
● PHP files that contain some template
● Localization files
● CSS files for extra styling
● Text files with license info and instructions, file extension here are usually .txt.
BUILDING YOUR OWN THEME
This only involves a few steps, a process made easy by the WordPress architecture and an understanding of the required files that make up the word press theme and a good programming knowledge:
1. Start by Creating a theme folder: this process involves first creating a new folder on your computer and naming it. The name given must have meaning and a good explanation because of the importance of this theme folder, as this is where all of your theme files will go.
2. Creation of a style.css file: this can be done with any basic text editor on your computer, an appropriate name would be style.css. For windows, notepad is an ideal choice while we can use TextEdit for mac. This folder will contain the styling code.
3. Create an index.php file within the first created theme folder. This file is what will contain the main template HTML defining the theme structure.
4. Install theme by copying it into the wp-content/themes folder on your WordPress
development platform and it is ready to be activated, reviewed, and tested.
5. Activate Your Theme After installation by going to Admin > Appearance > Themes to
If you do all this right, you should be able to view your new theme within the browser. All custom themes are to be designed according to WordPress standards with well-structured PHP, a valid HTML (HyperText Markup Language), and Cascading Style Sheets (CSS). The best path towards understanding theme coding standards is to find other examples previously written with these standards in mind. A host of them can be found on the WordPress site’s theme directory.
MODIFYING EXISTING THEMES
It is possible to modify The PHP, HTML, and CSS codes found in themes. We can have their behavior altered and tweaked to a desirable constant; this is described as changes made to a parent theme and is done to Instill desired features. Alternatively we can use “child” themes. A child theme inherits functionality and styling settings from another theme, the “parent theme”; this phenomenon is used to selectively target features for the override.
WORDPRESS THEME TYPES
The general classification of WordPress themes can be done in two categories namely free or default and premium. Most free themes are listed in the theme directory or repository depending on your preferred term while premium themes have to be purchased; they are available for sale at marketplaces or from individual WordPress developers.
Custom themes are more dominant in the market today because of the need for websites to be unique but WordPress default themes are an easier way to go. It’s a ready-made solution that can save a lot of time and energy while still looking good. Bear in mind, default WordPress themes have been optimized to support performance.
Every WordPress website requires at least one theme to be present so there is no getting around this we must decide on what we want our websites to look like.